NUKLEONIKA 2012, 57(3):333-336



Sergey S. Anan’ev1, Yuriy L. Bakshaev1, 1, Vladimir A. Bryzgunov1,
Andrey S. Chernenko1, Sergey A. Dan’ko1, Evgeny D. Kazakov1, Daniel Klír2,
Valeriy D. Korolev1, Evgeniya A. Smirnova1, Gennadiy I. Ustroev1,
Viktor V. Vikhrev3

1 Institute of Hydrogen Energetic and Plasma Technologies, National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”,
1 Academic Kurchatov Sq., 123182 Moscow, Russia

2 Czech Technical University in Prague, 2 Technicka Str., 166 29 Praha 6, Czech Republic
3 Institute of Tokamaks, National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”,
1 Academic Kurchatov Sq., 123182 Moscow, Russia

The parameters of neutron emission from the neck of the condensed Z-pinch, were measured at an S-300 installation (2 MA, 100 ns). Profiled loads with central parts made from microporous deuterated polyethylene (with a density of 100 mg/cm3) were used in the experiments. Neutron emission parameters were measured by the time-of-flight (TOF) method. Neutrons were registered using four flight bases with 10 scintillation detectors which were placed at two axial and two radial directions. It was found that the mean neutron energy, determined by the TOF method, turned out to be anisotropic. The average energy of neutrons emitted along the axis towards the cathode, was shifted to higher energy (2.6–2.8 MeV) and the average energy of neutrons emitted towards the anode, was shifted to lower energy (2.1–2.3 MeV) compared to the d-d reaction neutron energy 2.45 MeV. The average energy of neutrons, emitted in two opposite radial directions, was close to 2.45 MeV. The half-width of the energy distributions reconstructed for all directions was 400–500 keV. The analysis of the experimental results demonstrated that the found phenomena could be explained by a slowly decaying high energy tail in the energy distribution of colliding deuterons. The maximal neutron yield was of 6 × 109.

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